Australia is blooming again life never stop. Australia fires: A visual guide to the bushfire crisis

Australia is blooming again life never stop.

Australia fires: A visual guide to the bushfire crisis
Record-breaking temperatures and months of severe drought have fuelled a series of massive bushfires across Australia
.Although recent cooler conditions and rain have brought some respite, more than 100 fires are still burning in the states of New South Wales and Victoria.
Some 28 people have so far been killed - including four firefighters - and an estimated 10 million hectares (100,000 sq km or 15.6 million acres) of bush, forest and parks across Australia has burned.

Victoria, where fires have burned 1.2 million hectares, extended a "state of disaster" for the worst-hit areas from 2 to 11 January, allowing authorities to enforce evacuations and let emergency services take over properties.
Three people - including one firefighter - have died in Victoria and around 20 fires are burning.
The military has sent troops, ships and aircraft to the region to help relocation and firefighting efforts.

South Australia has also suffered

Two people and an estimated 25,000 koalas were killed when flames devastated Kangaroo Island in the state of South Australia last week.

Experts have expressed concerns over the survival of endangered species on the island which include the dunnart - a mouse-like marsupial - and the black glossy cockatoo.
Tens of thousands of farm animals, mainly sheep, were also killed in the fire.
Videos posted on social media have shown efforts to rescue Koalas which survived the blazes.
Elsewhere in South Australia, the Cudlee Creek fire is reported to have destroyed more than 80 homes in the Adelaide Hills region.
Fires are also thought to have destroyed up to a third of the vines that provide grapes for the Adelaide Hills wine industry.
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Smoke from fires has become a major hazard

The Australian capital Canberra - part of an administrative region surrounded by NSW - has seen some of the worst smoke pollution, with air quality rated the third worst of all major global cities on 3 January, according to Swiss-based group AirVisual

The fires have been worse than usual

Although Australia has always had bushfires, this season has been a lot worse than normal.

The total area of land affected by fires across Australia - 10 million hectares - is now comparable to England's land area of 13 million hectares.
Humans are sometimes to blame for starting the fires, but they are also often sparked by natural causes, such as lightning striking dry vegetation.
Once fires have started, other areas are at risk, with embers blown by the wind causing blazes to spread to new areas.

Bush fires themselves can also drive thunderstorms, increasing the risk of lightning strikes and further fires.
The number of people killed as a result of the fires since September 2019 is higher than in recent years.
Australia's deadliest bushfire disaster was "Black Saturday" in February 2009, when some 180 people died in Victoria.

So is this down to climate change?

Many Australians are asking that very question - but the science is complicated.
Scientists have long warned that a hotter, drier climate will contribute to fires becoming more frequent and more intense. Many parts of Australia have been in drought conditions, some for years, which has made it easier for the fires to spread and grow.
Data shows that Australia has warmed overall by slightly more than one degree Celsius since 1910, with most of the heating occurring since 1950, the Bureau of Meteorology says.
Andrew Watkins, head of long-range forecasts at the bureau, said the dipole was crucial to understanding the heatwave.
"The key culprit of our current and expected conditions is one of the strongest positive Indian Ocean dipole events on record," he says.
"A positive IOD means we have cooler than average water pooling off Indonesia, and this means we see less rain-bearing weather systems, and warmer than average temperatures for large parts of the country."
And meteorologists warn that, for the moment, the intense weather and elevated fire risk in Australia is set to continue.

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